Natural Stone Flooring


OURNATURAL STONE


All Natural Stone needs to be sealed and maintained.  There are many different types of stone and many different finishes available- some finishes look better on some but not all stone.


Limestone:  A Sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand, shells and mud from lakes and oceans comprised of calcium carbonate, calcite and aragonite materials.  Colors available are usually softer, more neutral, earthy colors with many having fossilized patterns. Limestone is most commonly found with a Honed or Brushed finish but may be occasionally found in others.

This stone is softer and more porous than the others so take this into consideration when deciding where to use this material. Recommended areas would be Bathrooms or other low traffic areas.

Limestone

Travertine: A natural Sedimentary rock belonging to the Limestone family.  Most common colors are cream, grey, brown, red and gold.  Finishes available are Honed, Tumbled, Brushed, Acid Washed and Polished.  However, I wouldn’t suggest using polished in a Travertine simply because you will not have a clean, shiny finish due to the fill used in the stone. Travertine tiles can be cut in two different ways:

Vein Cut: Cutting the block against the bedding of the stone, revealing the bedding plane which results in a linear pattern of straight lines.  This cut of material is less available than the Cross Cut.
Cross Cut: A cut in the block made parallel to the bedding plane resulting in a flowery, circular, more random pattern. This cut is most common in flooring.
Travertine

Marble:  Created from Limestone that has been subjected to high heat and pressure from the Earth causing profound physical and/or chemical change.  Marble is less porous than Limestone and comes in a variety of colors: cream, grey, green, red, gold, brown, black and combinations of these. Same finishes available as Travertine except Marble almost always comes polished. Use a polished marble in a lighter traffic area as the finish can be easily scratched by outside debris, household chemicals and even carbonation from drinks.  If you want to use Marble in a higher trafficked area, we’d recommend using a Honed, Brushed or Tumbled finish.

Marble

Granite: An Igneous rock consisting mainly of quartz, mica and feldspar formed when molten rock cools and hardens. Least porous of the natural stones when polished and is available in a wide range of colors such as white, brown, pink, green, red, blue and black or combinations of colors. Finishes available are honed, flamed and most commonly polished.

Granite

Slate:  A fine grained, foliated metamorphic rock from shale type sedimentary rock composed of clay, silt or volcanic ash.  High color variations range from darker beige, green, grey, blue, rust and black.  Uses could be Mud Rooms, Bar Area, Bathrooms or most any place you would like to feel a bit more rustic. Usually available in 2 thicknesses:

Gauged: Range from 3/8” to 5/8” thick with one side usually ground down flat
Ungauged: Range from ¼” to 1 ½” thick able to use either side of the tile as the top. Set in more of a mud bed installation to accommodate thickness variations.
Slate


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